How long does foreclosure take in nj?

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Foreclosure is a legal process that allows lenders to seize and sell a property when a homeowner fails to make mortgage payments. If you’re a homeowner in New Jersey facing financial difficulties, you may be wondering how long the foreclosure process takes in the state. Understanding the timeline can help you plan and make informed decisions. In this article, we will explore the various stages of foreclosure in New Jersey and provide an overview of the timeframes involved.

Pre-Foreclosure Period

Notice of Intent to Foreclose: The foreclosure process in New Jersey typically begins with a Notice of Intent to Foreclose. This notice is sent by the lender to the homeowner, informing them of their default and the lender’s intention to initiate foreclosure proceedings. The homeowner has 30 days to cure the default or respond to the notice.

Mediation: New Jersey law requires lenders to offer homeowners the opportunity to participate in foreclosure mediation. Mediation is a process where the homeowner and lender meet with a neutral third party to explore alternatives to foreclosure. Mediation can extend the timeline but can also provide an opportunity to find a resolution.

Judicial Foreclosure Process

Complaint and Summons: If the homeowner fails to cure the default or reach a resolution through mediation, the lender can file a foreclosure complaint with the court. The homeowner is served with a summons and complaint, initiating the judicial foreclosure process. The homeowner has 35 days to respond to the complaint.

Default Judgment: If the homeowner fails to respond to the complaint within the specified timeframe, the lender can request a default judgment from the court. A default judgment allows the lender to proceed with the foreclosure without further involvement from the homeowner.

Foreclosure Sale: Once a judgment of foreclosure is obtained, the lender can schedule a foreclosure sale. The property is typically auctioned off to the highest bidder. The foreclosure sale must be advertised in a newspaper and posted publicly for at least four weeks before the sale date.

Timeframe for Foreclosure in New Jersey

The length of the foreclosure process in New Jersey can vary depending on several factors, including the complexity of the case, the court’s caseload, and any delays caused by the homeowner. On average, the foreclosure process in New Jersey can take anywhere from six months to over a year.

It is important to note that New Jersey has a judicial foreclosure process, which means the foreclosure must go through the court system. This can add additional time to the process compared to states with non-judicial foreclosure processes.


The foreclosure process in New Jersey can be a lengthy and complex legal procedure. From the pre-foreclosure period to the judicial foreclosure process, homeowners should be aware of the various stages and timeframes involved. It is crucial to seek legal advice and explore all available options to avoid foreclosure or mitigate its impact.


– New Jersey Courts:
– New Jersey Legislature:
– New Jersey Housing and Mortgage Finance Agency: