How often can you file bankruptcy chapter 13?

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Filing for bankruptcy can be a complex and overwhelming process, and it’s important to understand the different types of bankruptcy available. Chapter 13 bankruptcy is one option for individuals who want to reorganize their debts and create a manageable repayment plan. But how often can you file for Chapter 13 bankruptcy? In this article, we will explore the frequency limitations and other important considerations related to filing for Chapter 13 bankruptcy.

Frequency of Filing

Frequency of filing: There are specific rules regarding how often an individual can file for Chapter 13 bankruptcy. These rules are designed to prevent abuse of the bankruptcy system and ensure that individuals have a genuine opportunity to reorganize their debts.

First filing: If you have never filed for Chapter 13 bankruptcy before, you can file at any time. There is no waiting period or restriction on the number of times you can file for Chapter 13 bankruptcy as a first-time filer.

Second filing: If you have previously filed for Chapter 13 bankruptcy and received a discharge, there are limitations on how soon you can file again. According to the Bankruptcy Code, you must wait at least two years from the date of your previous Chapter 13 discharge before you can file for Chapter 13 bankruptcy again.

Third filing: If you have had two or more previous Chapter 13 cases that were dismissed within the past year, you may face additional restrictions. In this case, you may need to seek court permission to file for Chapter 13 bankruptcy again.

Other Important Considerations

Automatic stay: When you file for Chapter 13 bankruptcy, an automatic stay goes into effect. This means that creditors must stop all collection efforts, including lawsuits, wage garnishments, and phone calls. The automatic stay provides immediate relief and protection while you work on your repayment plan.

Repayment plan: Chapter 13 bankruptcy involves creating a repayment plan that lasts three to five years. During this time, you will make monthly payments to a bankruptcy trustee, who will distribute the funds to your creditors. The repayment plan is based on your income and expenses, and it allows you to catch up on missed payments while keeping your assets.

Financial management course: As part of the Chapter 13 bankruptcy process, you will be required to complete a financial management course. This course aims to provide you with the necessary tools and knowledge to manage your finances effectively in the future.


In conclusion, the frequency of filing for Chapter 13 bankruptcy depends on whether you have previously filed for bankruptcy and received a discharge. If you have never filed before, you can file for Chapter 13 bankruptcy at any time. However, if you have received a discharge, you must wait at least two years before filing again. If you have had multiple dismissed cases within the past year, you may need court permission to file. It’s important to consult with a bankruptcy attorney to understand the specific rules and requirements in your jurisdiction.


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