How to connect html to javascript?

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Connecting HTML to JavaScript is essential for creating dynamic and interactive web pages. HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) provides the structure and content of a webpage, while JavaScript adds functionality and interactivity. In this article, we will explore the various methods of connecting HTML to JavaScript, enabling you to enhance your web development skills.

Inline JavaScript

One of the simplest ways to connect HTML to JavaScript is by using inline JavaScript. This involves placing the JavaScript code directly within the HTML file, enclosed within the `

By placing JavaScript code within the `

In this example, `script.js` is the name of the external JavaScript file. By linking the JavaScript file externally, you can reuse the code across multiple HTML files, making your code more maintainable and easier to update.

Event Handlers

Event handlers are a crucial aspect of connecting HTML to JavaScript. They allow you to respond to user interactions, such as clicking a button or submitting a form. By attaching event handlers to HTML elements, you can execute JavaScript code when specific events occur.

To connect an event handler, you can use the `on` attribute within the HTML element. For example, to execute a JavaScript function when a button is clicked, you can use the `onclick` event handler:



In this example, `myFunction()` is the JavaScript function that will be executed when the button is clicked. Event handlers provide a way to make your web pages interactive and responsive.

DOM Manipulation

The Document Object Model (DOM) is a programming interface for HTML and XML documents. It represents the structure of a webpage as a tree-like structure, allowing JavaScript to access and manipulate the elements of the webpage.

By using JavaScript to manipulate the DOM, you can dynamically change the content, style, and behavior of HTML elements. This enables you to create interactive web pages that respond to user actions.

To connect HTML to JavaScript through DOM manipulation, you can use methods and properties provided by the DOM API. For example, to change the text content of an element with the id "myElement", you can use the following JavaScript code:

document.getElementById("myElement").textContent = "New text";

This code retrieves the element with the id "myElement" using the `getElementById()` method and updates its text content using the `textContent` property.


Connecting HTML to JavaScript is crucial for creating dynamic and interactive web pages. Whether you choose to use inline JavaScript, external JavaScript files, event handlers, or DOM manipulation, understanding how to connect HTML to JavaScript will greatly enhance your web development skills. By combining the power of HTML and JavaScript, you can create engaging and interactive web experiences for your users.