What does assignment of mortgage mean?

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Assignment of mortgage refers to the process of transferring a mortgage from one party to another. This legal procedure allows the lender to transfer the rights and obligations of a mortgage loan to a different entity. It is a common practice in the mortgage industry and can occur for various reasons, such as the sale of a mortgage loan or the transfer of servicing rights. In this article, we will delve deeper into the concept of assignment of mortgage, exploring its implications and significance.

Understanding Assignment of Mortgage

When a mortgage is assigned, the original lender, known as the assignor, transfers the mortgage to another party, known as the assignee. The assignee then assumes all the rights and responsibilities associated with the mortgage. This transfer is typically documented through a legal instrument called an assignment of mortgage.

Key Elements of an Assignment of Mortgage: An assignment of mortgage typically includes important details such as the names of the assignor and assignee, the original mortgage amount, the property address, and the recording information of the original mortgage. It also outlines the terms and conditions of the transfer, including any applicable fees or considerations.

Types of Assignments: There are two primary types of assignments of mortgage: legal assignments and equitable assignments. A legal assignment involves the transfer of both the legal title and the beneficial interest in the mortgage. In contrast, an equitable assignment transfers only the beneficial interest, while the legal title remains with the original lender. The type of assignment depends on the specific circumstances and legal requirements in a particular jurisdiction.

Reasons for Assignment of Mortgage

There are several reasons why a mortgage may be assigned. Here are some common scenarios:

Sale of Mortgage Loans: Lenders often sell mortgage loans to other financial institutions or investors to free up capital for new lending opportunities. In such cases, the original lender assigns the mortgage to the purchasing entity, which then becomes the new lender.

Transfer of Servicing Rights: Mortgage servicing involves collecting payments, managing escrow accounts, and handling customer inquiries. Lenders may choose to transfer the servicing rights of a mortgage to a specialized servicing company. This transfer does not affect the terms of the mortgage itself but changes the entity responsible for servicing the loan.

Securitization of Mortgages: Mortgage-backed securities (MBS) are investment products that represent a pool of mortgage loans. Lenders often bundle multiple mortgages together and sell them as MBS to investors. This process involves assigning the mortgages to a trust or special purpose vehicle, which then issues the MBS.

Implications of Assignment of Mortgage

The assignment of mortgage has several implications for all parties involved:

Borrowers: For borrowers, the assignment of mortgage does not typically change the terms of the loan. They are still required to make payments to the new lender or servicer as per the original agreement. However, borrowers should be notified of the assignment and provided with the necessary information to ensure a smooth transition.

Assignee: The assignee, whether it is a new lender or a mortgage servicing company, assumes the rights and obligations of the mortgage. This includes the right to collect payments, enforce the terms of the loan, and foreclose in case of default. The assignee must ensure that all necessary legal requirements are met during the assignment process.

Assignor: The original lender, as the assignor, transfers its interest in the mortgage to the assignee. This relieves the assignor of the responsibility for servicing the loan and allows them to free up capital or focus on other lending activities.


In summary, the assignment of mortgage is a legal process that involves transferring the rights and obligations of a mortgage loan from one party to another. It can occur for various reasons, such as the sale of mortgage loans, transfer of servicing rights, or securitization of mortgages. While the assignment itself does not typically impact borrowers’ obligations, it is essential for all parties involved to adhere to legal requirements and ensure a smooth transition.


– Fannie Mae: www.fanniemae.com
– Investopedia: www.investopedia.com
– Consumer Financial Protection Bureau: www.consumerfinance.gov