How does pop work?
Here’s an example to illustrate the usage of pop:
let fruits = [‘apple’, ‘banana’, ‘orange’];
let lastFruit = fruits.pop();
console.log(lastFruit); // Output: ‘orange’
console.log(fruits); // Output: [‘apple’, ‘banana’]
In this example, the pop function is called on the `fruits` array, and the last element, ‘orange’, is removed and assigned to the variable `lastFruit`. The modified array `fruits` now contains only ‘apple’ and ‘banana’.
Applications of pop
1. Removing and retrieving the last element: The primary use of pop is to remove the last element from an array and retrieve it. This can be useful when you need to process elements in reverse order or when you want to implement a stack-like behavior.
2. Implementing a stack: A stack is a data structure that follows the Last-In-First-Out (LIFO) principle. The pop function can be used to implement the pop operation in a stack. By repeatedly calling pop, you can remove elements from the top of the stack.
3. Dynamic resizing of arrays: When working with dynamically resizing arrays, the pop function is often used to remove elements from the end of the array when it becomes unnecessary. This helps in optimizing memory usage and improving performance.