What happens to mortgage after chapter 13 discharge?

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After successfully completing a Chapter 13 bankruptcy and obtaining a discharge, many individuals wonder what happens to their mortgage. Chapter 13 bankruptcy is a debt reorganization plan that allows individuals to repay their debts over a period of three to five years. In this article, we will explore what happens to a mortgage after a Chapter 13 discharge and provide a comprehensive understanding of the process.

Effects of Chapter 13 Bankruptcy on Mortgage

Automatic Stay: When an individual files for Chapter 13 bankruptcy, an automatic stay is put into effect. This stay prevents creditors, including mortgage lenders, from taking any collection actions against the debtor. This means that foreclosure proceedings are temporarily halted, providing the debtor with an opportunity to catch up on missed mortgage payments.

Repayment Plan: During the Chapter 13 bankruptcy process, the debtor proposes a repayment plan to the court. This plan outlines how the debtor intends to repay their debts, including the mortgage arrears. The repayment plan is typically structured to allow the debtor to catch up on missed mortgage payments over the course of the bankruptcy period.

Mortgage Arrears: Mortgage arrears, which are the missed payments and late fees, are included in the repayment plan. The debtor is required to make regular payments to the bankruptcy trustee, who then distributes the funds to creditors, including the mortgage lender. By making these payments, the debtor can gradually catch up on their mortgage arrears.

Discharge and Mortgage

Chapter 13 Discharge: Upon successful completion of the Chapter 13 repayment plan, the debtor receives a discharge. This discharge releases the debtor from personal liability for the debts included in the bankruptcy, including the mortgage arrears. However, it is important to note that the discharge does not eliminate the mortgage lien on the property.

Resuming Regular Mortgage Payments: After the Chapter 13 discharge, the debtor is responsible for resuming regular mortgage payments. The mortgage lender may require the debtor to reaffirm the mortgage, which is a legal agreement stating that the debtor will continue to be personally liable for the mortgage debt. Reaffirming the mortgage allows the debtor to maintain ownership of the property and continue making regular payments.

Impact on Credit Score: While a Chapter 13 bankruptcy will remain on the debtor’s credit report for up to seven years, obtaining a discharge and successfully completing the repayment plan can have a positive impact on the debtor’s credit score. By demonstrating responsible financial behavior and making regular mortgage payments, the debtor can begin to rebuild their creditworthiness over time.


In conclusion, after receiving a Chapter 13 discharge, the debtor is required to resume regular mortgage payments. The discharge releases the debtor from personal liability for the mortgage arrears, but the mortgage lien on the property remains. It is crucial for the debtor to continue making timely payments and, if required, reaffirm the mortgage to maintain ownership of the property. By fulfilling these obligations, the debtor can rebuild their credit score and regain financial stability.


– Nolo: www.nolo.com/legal-encyclopedia/chapter-13-bankruptcy
– United States Courts: www.uscourts.gov/services-forms/bankruptcy/bankruptcy-basics/chapter-13-bankruptcy-basics