Which of the following best describes the type of language used in the below algorithm?

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The type of language used in an algorithm plays a crucial role in its effectiveness and efficiency. It determines how well the algorithm can communicate its instructions to a computer or another programmer. In this article, we will analyze the language used in a specific algorithm and determine which of the following best describes it.

The Algorithm and Its Language

To accurately assess the type of language used in the algorithm, let’s take a look at the code snippet:

function calculateSum(numbers) {
let sum = 0;
for (let i = 0; i < numbers.length; i++) { sum += numbers[i]; } return sum; } ``` Imperative Programming Language: The language used in the above algorithm can be described as an imperative programming language. Imperative programming focuses on describing the steps or commands required to solve a problem. In this case, the algorithm defines a function that calculates the sum of an array of numbers by iterating through each element and adding it to a running total.

JavaScript: The code snippet above is written in JavaScript, a high-level programming language commonly used for web development. JavaScript is known for its versatility and ability to run on both the client and server sides. It is widely used for creating interactive web pages and web applications.

Declarative Elements: Although the algorithm itself is primarily written in an imperative style, it also incorporates some declarative elements. The use of the `for` loop, for example, is a declarative construct that specifies the iteration over the elements of the `numbers` array. Declarative programming focuses on describing what needs to be achieved rather than how to achieve it.

Advantages of the Language

The language used in the algorithm offers several advantages:

Readability: JavaScript, as a high-level language, is relatively easy to read and understand. The code snippet uses clear and concise syntax, making it accessible to both experienced and novice programmers.

Flexibility: JavaScript provides a wide range of built-in functions and libraries, allowing developers to accomplish complex tasks with minimal effort. This flexibility enables programmers to write efficient algorithms and solve problems effectively.

Portability: JavaScript is supported by all major web browsers, making it a portable language. The algorithm written in JavaScript can be executed on various platforms without requiring significant modifications.


The language used in the provided algorithm can be described as an imperative programming language, specifically JavaScript. It combines imperative and declarative elements to provide an efficient and readable solution for calculating the sum of an array of numbers. JavaScript’s versatility, readability, flexibility, and portability make it a suitable choice for a wide range of programming tasks.


– developer.mozilla.org
– www.w3schools.com
– stackoverflow.com