How to make tic tac toe in javascript?

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In this article, we will explore how to create a Tic Tac Toe game using JavaScript. Tic Tac Toe is a classic game that can be easily implemented using JavaScript’s powerful capabilities. We will cover the step-by-step process of building the game, from setting up the HTML structure to adding the game logic and user interactions.

Setting up the HTML Structure

To begin, we need to set up the HTML structure for our Tic Tac Toe game. We will create a simple grid using HTML `

` elements and assign unique IDs to each cell to identify them later in our JavaScript code. The grid can be represented as a 3×3 table or a series of nested `

` elements.

Adding CSS Styling

To make our Tic Tac Toe game visually appealing, we can apply CSS styling to the HTML structure. We can use CSS to define the dimensions of the grid cells, set background colors, add borders, and style the text inside the cells. Styling the game board is not essential for the functionality, but it enhances the user experience.

Implementing the Game Logic

The game logic is the core of our Tic Tac Toe game. We need to define the rules and conditions for winning the game, as well as handling the user interactions. The game logic can be implemented using JavaScript functions and event listeners.

Winning Conditions: In Tic Tac Toe, a player wins when they have three of their symbols (either X or O) in a row, column, or diagonal. We can check for these winning conditions after each move and declare the winner if any of the conditions are met.

User Interactions: We need to handle user interactions such as clicking on the grid cells to make a move. We can attach event listeners to the grid cells and listen for the ‘click’ event. When a cell is clicked, we can update the game state, check for a winner, and switch turns between players.

Displaying the Game State

To provide feedback to the players and show the current state of the game, we can update the display after each move. We can use JavaScript to manipulate the HTML elements and update the text or styling of the grid cells accordingly. For example, we can change the color or font of the cells when a player makes a move.

Handling Game Reset

After a game is finished, we should provide an option to reset the game and start over. We can add a button or link that, when clicked, resets the game state and clears the grid. This allows players to play multiple rounds without refreshing the page.


Creating a Tic Tac Toe game in JavaScript involves setting up the HTML structure, adding CSS styling, implementing the game logic, handling user interactions, displaying the game state, and providing a game reset option. By following these steps, you can develop a fully functional Tic Tac Toe game using JavaScript.


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