What is a mortgage company?

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A mortgage company is a financial institution or lender that provides loans to individuals or businesses for the purpose of purchasing or refinancing real estate. These loans, known as mortgages, are secured by the property being purchased or refinanced. Mortgage companies play a crucial role in the real estate market by facilitating access to financing for homebuyers and property investors.

Types of Mortgage Companies

There are different types of mortgage companies that operate in the market. Here are some of the most common ones:

1. Banks and Credit Unions: Many traditional banks and credit unions offer mortgage loans to their customers. These institutions use their own funds to provide mortgage financing and typically have strict lending criteria.

2. Mortgage Brokers: Mortgage brokers act as intermediaries between borrowers and lenders. They work with multiple lenders and help borrowers find the best mortgage terms and rates that suit their needs. Mortgage brokers earn a commission for their services.

3. Non-Bank Lenders: Non-bank lenders are financial institutions that specialize in mortgage lending but are not traditional banks. They may have more flexible lending criteria and offer a wider range of mortgage products compared to banks.

4. Online Mortgage Lenders: With the rise of digital technology, online mortgage lenders have gained popularity. These companies operate entirely online and provide borrowers with the convenience of applying for a mortgage from the comfort of their homes.

The Mortgage Process

When a borrower wants to obtain a mortgage, they typically go through a series of steps with a mortgage company. Here is an overview of the mortgage process:

1. Pre-Qualification: The borrower provides basic financial information to the mortgage company, such as income, assets, and credit history. Based on this information, the mortgage company assesses the borrower’s eligibility for a mortgage and provides a pre-qualification letter.

2. Loan Application: The borrower submits a formal loan application to the mortgage company, providing detailed financial information and documentation to support their application.

3. Underwriting: The mortgage company reviews the borrower’s application, verifies the provided information, and assesses the borrower’s creditworthiness. This process involves analyzing the borrower’s income, employment history, credit score, and other relevant factors.

4. Loan Approval: If the mortgage company determines that the borrower meets their lending criteria, they approve the loan application. The borrower receives a loan commitment letter outlining the terms and conditions of the mortgage.

5. Closing: The mortgage company coordinates with the borrower, the seller (if applicable), and other parties involved in the transaction to finalize the mortgage. This includes signing the necessary legal documents, paying closing costs, and transferring ownership of the property.


Mortgage companies are essential players in the real estate market, providing individuals and businesses with the financial means to purchase or refinance properties. Whether it’s a traditional bank, a mortgage broker, or an online lender, these companies facilitate access to mortgage financing and guide borrowers through the complex process of obtaining a mortgage.


– Investopedia: www.investopedia.com/mortgage
– The Balance: www.thebalance.com/what-is-a-mortgage-company-4773447
– Consumer Financial Protection Bureau: www.consumerfinance.gov/owning-a-home/loan-options/types-of-mortgages/mortgage-basics/what-is-a-mortgage