Who maintains javascript?

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JavaScript is a popular programming language used for developing interactive web pages and web applications. It is a crucial component of modern web development, allowing developers to create dynamic and engaging user experiences. But who maintains JavaScript? In this article, we will explore the various entities involved in maintaining JavaScript and ensuring its continued development and improvement.

JavaScript Standards: ECMAScript

One of the key entities responsible for maintaining JavaScript is the Ecma International organization. They oversee the standardization of JavaScript through the ECMAScript specification. ECMAScript defines the syntax, semantics, and behavior of the language. It provides a foundation for various JavaScript implementations, ensuring compatibility and interoperability across different platforms and environments.

The ECMAScript specification is regularly updated to introduce new features, fix bugs, and address any shortcomings in the language. The process of updating the specification involves collaboration among experts from various organizations, including browser vendors, JavaScript engine developers, and independent contributors. These experts work together to propose, discuss, and implement changes to the language.

Browser Vendors

Browser vendors play a crucial role in maintaining JavaScript as they are responsible for implementing the language in their respective browsers. Companies like Google (Chrome), Mozilla (Firefox), Microsoft (Edge), and Apple (Safari) have dedicated teams of engineers who work on the JavaScript engines that power their browsers.

These browser vendors actively contribute to the development of JavaScript by implementing new features and improving the performance of their JavaScript engines. They also participate in the standardization process by providing feedback, proposing new features, and collaborating with other stakeholders. This collaboration ensures that JavaScript evolves in a way that benefits both developers and end-users.

Open Source Community

The open-source community also plays a significant role in maintaining JavaScript. Many JavaScript libraries, frameworks, and tools are developed and maintained by open-source communities. These communities consist of passionate developers who contribute their time and expertise to improve JavaScript and its ecosystem.

Projects like Node.js, React, Angular, Vue.js, and many others are maintained by active open-source communities. They continuously release updates, fix bugs, and introduce new features based on feedback and contributions from developers worldwide. The open-source nature of these projects allows anyone to participate, making JavaScript development a collaborative and community-driven effort.

Standards Bodies

In addition to Ecma International, other standards bodies also contribute to the maintenance of JavaScript. The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is one such organization that plays a significant role in developing and maintaining web standards. They work on various web technologies, including JavaScript, to ensure interoperability and accessibility across different platforms.

The W3C provides a platform for discussions, proposals, and standardization efforts related to JavaScript. They collaborate with browser vendors, developers, and other stakeholders to shape the future of the language and address emerging needs in web development.


JavaScript is maintained by a diverse set of entities, including Ecma International, browser vendors, open-source communities, and standards bodies like the W3C. These entities work together to standardize, implement, and improve JavaScript, ensuring its continued growth and relevance in the ever-evolving web development landscape.

In conclusion, JavaScript’s maintenance is a collaborative effort involving organizations, communities, and individuals passionate about advancing the language and empowering developers to create innovative web experiences.


– ecma-international.org
– developer.mozilla.org
– v8.dev
– webkit.org
– w3.org